A famine is a widespread scarcity of food that may apply to any faunal species, which phenomenon is usually accompanied by regional malnutrition, starvation, epidemic, and increased mortality. In many regions of the world as of 2009, there is ongoing famine among a considerable fraction of the human population.
Famine is caused by a human overpopulation relative to the available food supply; it may be accentuated by natural climate fluctuations and by extreme political conditions such as tyrannical government or warfare. One of the largest historical famines (proportional to the affected population) was the Great Famine in Ireland, which began in 1845 and occurred as food was being shipped from Ireland to England because only the English could afford to pay higher prices. In certain cases, such as the Great Leap Forward (The largest famine in absolute terms), North Korea in the mid-1990s, or Zimbabwe in the early-2000s, famine can be caused as an unintentional result of government policy. Many famines are caused by imbalance of food production compared to the large populations of countries whose population exceeds the regional carrying capacity.
Historically, famines have occurred from agricultural problems such as drought, crop failure, or pestilence. Changing weather patterns, the ineffectiveness of medieval governments in dealing with crises, wars, and epidemic diseases like the Black Death helped to cause hundreds of famines in Europe during the Middle Ages. The failure of a harvest or the change in conditions, such as drought, can create a situation whereby large numbers of people live where the carrying capacity of the land has temporarily dropped radically.
Famine is often associated with subsistence agriculture, that is, where most farming is aimed at producing enough food energy to survive. The total absence of agriculture in an economically strong area does not cause famine; Disasters, whether natural or man-made, have been associated with conditions of famine ever since humankind has been keeping written records. War, in particular, was associated with famine, particularly in those times and places where warfare included attacks on land, by burning or salting fields, or on those who tilled the soil. --Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia
WHAT GOD SAYS
- I gave you absolutely nothing to eat in all your cities, a shortage of food in all your communities, yet you did not return to Me--the LORD's declaration. (Amo 4:6)
- There will be violent earthquakes, and famines and plagues in various places, and there will be terrifying sights and great signs from heaven. (Luke 21:11)
- Be ashamed, you farmers, wail, you vinedressers, over the wheat and the barley, because the harvest of the field has perished. (Joe 1:11)
- The grapevine is dried up, and the fig tree is withered; the pomegranate, the date palm, and the apple--all the trees of the orchard--have withered. Indeed, human joy has dried up. (Joe 1:12)
- ...There will be no grapes on the vine, no figs on the fig tree, and even the leaf will wither. Whatever I have given them will be lost to them. (Jer 8:13)
- Dress in sackcloth and lament, you priests; wail, you ministers of the altar. Come and spend the night in sackcloth, you ministers of my God, because grain and drink offerings are withheld from the house of your God. (Joe 1:13)
- Hasn't the food been cut off before our eyes, joy and gladness from the house of our God? (Joe 1:16)
- The seeds lie shriveled in their casings. The storehouses are in ruin, and the granaries are broken down, because the grain has withered away. (Joe 1:17)
- A poor man that oppresseth the weak is like a sweeping rain which leaveth no food. (Pro 28:3 JPS)
- When I cut off your supply of bread, 10 women will bake your bread in a single oven and ration out your bread by weight, so that you will eat but not be satisfied. (Lev 26:26)
- And if in spite of this you do not obey Me but act with hostility toward Me, I will act with furious hostility toward you; I will also discipline you seven times for your sins. (Lev 26:27-28)
- You will eat the flesh of your sons; you will eat the flesh of your daughters. (Lev 26:29)
- How the animals groan! The herds of cattle wander in confusion since they have no pasture. Even the flocks of sheep suffer punishment. (Joe 1:18)
-- Lope Columna --